Frequently Asked Questions

Why can't R32 be used in R410A equipment?

R32 should only be used in equipment designed for its use.  It is not a retrofit or a top up option for R410A.  Whilst the main reason is safety, as R410A equipment is only desgined for a non-flammable refrigerant, the operating characteristics of the two refrigerants are different.

What is F-Gas Quota?

It is the amount of refrigerant expressed as CO2 equivalent Tonnes that each producer or importer is allowed to place on the market each year.  The baseline for 2015 was set based on declared production and imports for 2009-2012.  Once product is placed on the market by the producer or importer it can be resold to others.

How will F-Gas quota affect refrigerant supplies?

To facilitate a reduction in emissions of F-Gases as required by F-Gas legislation, there is a stepwise reduction in the amount of quota that can be placed on the market. It is expected that this will encourage and stimulate a move to lower Global Warming refrigerants. By 2030 the reduction will be 79% lower than the 2015 baseline.

What is significant about the 2018 quota reduction?

Although there was a small step reduction in 2016, the 2018 reduction is a major step which will need the market to reduce the amount of CO2 Eq Tonnes that it places on the market by 32% in 2018 compared to 2017. This will put great pressure on the price and availability of  high GWP refrigerant such as R404A. See other pages on our website for more information.

Can I use R-404A in new equipment?

Legally yes, until 31/12/2019. However, the customer would be getting a poor deal as servicing and maintenance with virgin product is banned from 01/01/2020.  At some stage before the end of its useful working life the equipment would need to be retrofitted to a lower GWP refrigerant, such as Opteon XP40 (R449A). It would be sensible to start using a Lower GWP refrigerant in new equipment now, rather than needing a conversion at a later date.  See other FAQs.

I have heard that the use of R404A for servicing is banned from 2020, is this true?

Yes the new F Gas Legislation that came into force on 1st January 2015 prohibits the service and maintenance of stationary refrigeration systems with virgin refrigerant with a GWP equal to or greater than 2500, for systems where the charge is greater than 40T CO2 equivalent (10.2kg of R-404A).

Which refrigerants have a GWP over 2500?

R-404A, R-507, R-434A, R-422A, R-422D, R-428A, R-125, R-508B, R-23 and ISCEON MO89.

Where can I find safety data sheets and other product information?

Please go to our download section, you will need a user name and password to access this section of our site, registration is free and you will receive an email to confirm you have registered.

When you get a leak from a system containing a blend do you have to remove the remaining product and charge with virgin product?

Although there may be occasions with some refrigerants where this may be necessary, in the vast majority of cases, it is possible to top up with virgin product and return the product to specification. If the performance of the refrigerant is worse than expected, then it may be necessary to replace the charge. Our experience with a number of blends including the ISCEON 9 series has shown that up to 80% can be lost before the composition changes significantly.  There is documentary evidence on producer websites that suggest you can top up refrigerants including R-407C, without any significant loss of performance.

Do blends separate?

Blends do not separate into their individual components; however, the composition of a blend can change if they are not handled correctly.  We always strongly advise taking refrigerant blends from the cylinder in the liquid phase only and ensuring leaks are kept to a minimum.

Where can I get thermodynamic data for refrigerants?

Please go to our download section. Detailed thermodynamic data for the ISCEON 9 series is included in the retrofit guidelines for the appropriate refrigerant.

Do you provide a reclaim/recovery service?

Yes we do, we can supply 750kg drums, 50kg large or 10kg small cylinders.  When returning product for reclamation we can help you to comply with the current hazardous waste regulations.  Please contact us for more information.

What is the difference between reclaimed and recycled refrigerant?

Recycled refrigerant is product that has gone through a basic cleaning process; this can be a pass through a drier and a filter.  There is no analysis or quality assurance about recycled product, which could be long way outside of the specification of virgin product.  Reclaimed Refrigerant however, has gone through a thorough cleaning process to remove moisture, oil, particles, etc.  The product will be analysed and will meet the same specification as virgin product.

Can I use normal traffic cylinders for reclaim?

No.  It is important to retain the integrity and cleanliness of normal traffic cylinders.  Product reclaimed from systems will contain moisture, oil and acid to varying degrees.  Climalife supply reclaim cylinders specifically for the purpose and are fitted with a dual port valve which aids the recovery process.  Please contact us for further information.

How do I get details of the environment agency hazardous waste regulations?

Please see waste management section and legislation section.

My customer would like to get his refrigerant / oil / glycol analysed, can Climalife do this?

Yes we can carry out analysis on refrigerants, oils and glycols - please contact us for further information and pricing.

Do your glycols contain corrosion inhibitors?

Yes, we only sell glycols with corrosion inhibitors.  It is very important that they do, as the use of uninhibited glycols will cause long term corrosion problems in refrigeration systems.

My customer is complaining of smelly air conditioning. What can I do?

We would recommend the use of our Frionett product range, which kills the bacteria which causes smells (and continues to do so for up to 6 months), please see our cleaning section or call us to discuss the products best suited to your needs.

Will Climalife supply anyone?

We are a responsible supplier who supply through the trade and to contractors who can demonstrate themselves to have a minimum level of competency in handling our products.  For HFCs we require contractors and their engineers to hold the relevant F-Gas certificate before we will supply, as it is illegal for them to use these products without such certification.

Can I place orders via the website?

Unfortunately not at the present time, but please call our friendly sales team to help you place your order on 0117 980 2520.

Can I still use R22 for service and maintenance?

No.  In the EU it is illegal to use R22 for service and maintenance.  The use of virgin HCFCs was banned in the EU at the beginning of 2010 and the use of reclaimed and recycled refrigerant was banned on 1st January 2015.  Whilst systems on R22 can be kept running, it is illegal to top up a system with R22 or other HCFCs.  See our Legislation page for more information and check our recommendations for converting HCFC refrigerants to other refrigerants.

What can I use to replace R22?

It depends on the type of system, as to which refrigerant is best for the application.  
We can make recommendations for specific applications depending on the circumstances.  However, ISCEON MO99 (R438A) can be used in most Dx refrigeration, air conditioning and chiller applications to replace R22.  We always recommend the conversion guidelines are consulted and followed.
More information on R22 replacements can be found on the product page and in the Download section.